Department of Silviculture

  • Research offer of the Department

    In the field of seed, nursery and forest tree selection

    Analysis of the variability of forest trees, testing the progeny of forest base material. Assessment of the growth and development of basic forest material. Analysis of nursery production in the conditions of an open nursery and with the use of intensive production methods. Assessment of the production potential of forest seed resources. Testing and developing of resistance and incremental characteristics of forest tree seedlings. Verification of the rules for the use of Forest Propagating Material outside the regions of occurrence. Adaptive selection of forest trees in the conditions of climate change. Soil revitalization in ground forest nurseries.

    In the field of silviculture

    Natural forests as a model for close-to-nature silviculture: possibilities and limitations. Protection of biodiversity in the conditions of developed forests. Creating multifunctional stands with high adaptability in relation to the occurring and forecasted environmental and socio-economic changes. Silvicultural, economic and ecological aspects of alternative (innovative) methods of restoration and maintenance of stands. Regulation of utilization and silvicultural planning in complex stands (inventory, data collection and analysis, breeding management guidelines). Improving the methods of restoration and maintenance of stands based on the principle of biological rationalization. Conversion of stands that do not meet the objectives of multifunctional forest management.

    In the field of forest meteorology and climatology

    Analysis of weather and climatic conditions, including extreme phenomena. Consequences of climate change in forest ecosystems (change in the length of the growing season and its potential effects). Analysis of the microclimatic conditions of the forest, regeneration areas and forest nurseries in the aspect of possible short-term and long-term changes. Assessment of the degree of danger of a given area to drought in the light of various drought indicators. Analysis of trends in thermal, rainfall and humidity conditions in a given area. Forecasting changes in climatic conditions based on a selected climate change scenario.

    In the field of dendrochronology

    The impact of climate change (temperature rise, changes in rainfall regime, increased risk of drought) on the radial growth of individual species and stands. The impact of silvicultural treatments on the radial growth of individual species. Tree mortality analyzes based on radial increment patterns. Estimation of tree vitality and mortality based on radial increment analyzes. Reconstruction of the growth and increment of single-species and mixed trees and stands by dendrochronological methods.

  • Equipment, laboratories, programs provided by the Department / Department and possible methods of use

    Field-Map technology (, electronic calipers, ultrasonic altimeters, laser rangefinders, Postex set – effective collection and processing of tree stand data.

    Incremental drills, large format scanner, CDendro, WinDendro, Tree-Ring software programs, DPL package – dendrochronological research and analysis, reconstruction of tree growth and increment.

    Basic equipment for performing meteorological tests in the field (stationary and portable certified measuring instruments).

    Weather station at Rogów Experimental Forest (Central Poland) with a very long observation line (from 1923).

    Climate databases and data homogenization programs (Multiple Analysis program from Series for Homogenization). Original program for the analysis of the basic parameters of the thermal and forest growing season.

    Laboratory dryer MEMMERT UV110 l, max. temp 300oC. Distiller Type DEM 11. Santhorius laboratory balance type M2F PRECISA BALANCES laboratory balance, type 300-9334/C 160M. Radwag Laboratory Balance Model: PS 4500.R2. HandyLab 100 pH-meter. WinRHIZO Reg 2017 scanner and computer program – laboratory tests, with particular emphasis on seed and forest nursery.

    Canon 5 digital camera with Sigma Sigma 8 mm F3.5 EX DG hemispherical lens – characteristics of under-hood radiation (light) conditions.

    Permanent, long-term experimental plots established in the Experimental Forests of the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Rogów (also in other parts of Poland), used in provenance studies, in the field of establishingand maintenance of young stands, thinnings and forming of two-story stands. These areas also play the role of didactic and training facilities.

Department of Forest Protection

  • Research offer of the Department

    • Biology, economic importance of forest insects (diagnostics, prophylaxis, geographical distribution, control, economic recommendations for pest species, insects conservation).
    • Assessment of natural values of forest objects (valuation by zooindication methods, faunistics of insects, protection of forest biocenoses).
    • Assessment of health condition and mycorrhization of trees growing in different objects.
    • Diagnostics of infectious diseases of forest trees.
    • Inventory and valorization of areas (forests, valuable natural areas, green areas in cities) in terms of mycology (macrofungi).
    • Overview study of the problem in the field of broadly understood nature conservation/environmental education/forestry education.
    • Survey research in the field of broadly defined nature conservation/environmental education/forestry education.
  • Equipment, laboratories, programs provided by the Department / Department and possible methods of use

    • Humidity, temperature and sunlight controllable breeding chambers for enclosed, laboratory breeding.
    • Overhead shed with chambers for insect breeding in outdoor, near-natural conditions.
    • Cylinders for laboratory rearing of insects.
    • Refrigerators for holding overwintering stages of insects.
    • Fungarium (WAML) – mainly macrofungi – comparative material for taxonomic studies using classical and molecular methods.
    • Collection of pure cultures of wood-decaying fungi (WAML-CK) – possibility of checking resistance of wood of native and foreign species to decay by selected fungi, for preparation of mycopreparations used for biological protection and removal of stumps. Preservation of fungi species subject to protection in the form of pure cultures. Zabezpieczenie grzybów
      podlegających ochronie gatunkowej w formie czystych kultur.
    • Phytopathology laboratory with standard equipment.

Department of Forest Utilization

  • Research offer of the Department

    • Utilization of a multifunctional forest – development of the theoretical basis for the use of forest resources and raw materials, research on various forms and methods of forest use and the resulting consequences.
    • Forest use strategy taking into account the conditions resulting from the needs of environmental protection, with particular emphasis on the areas of the NATURA 2000 network.
    • Research on the technical quality of wood of selected forest tree species depending on a number of factors (including geographical location, tree age, forest habitat type, origin, etc.).
    • Research on the technological, economic, ergonomic and environmental aspects of timber harvesting.
    • Research on the forest biomass use for energy purposes.
    • Research on the structure of large-size (sawmill) timber transport, including the logistics of deliveries to a selected large sawmills, and analysis of the structure of heavy-duty vehicles and road loads.
    • Research in the field of tourism and recreation as well as spatial management in forests.
    • Research in the field of engineering forest management.
    • Research on the non-wood forest products use , in particular comprehensive research on the prospective use of the sap of silver birch (Betula pendula Roth.) in Polish conditions.
  • Equipment, laboratories, programs provided by the Department / Department and possible methods of use

    Deryng’s aparatus – distillation of essential oils and testing their content in plant material.

    DJI Phantom 4 Advanced drone – photos and video recording from the above-ground ceiling. Registration of material for creating 3D terrain models. Carrying out analyzes of the condition of the forest and harvested areas. Przygotowanie opracowań przed rozpoczęciem/w trakcie/po zakończeniu prac budowlanych. Determining the volume of field objects (wood piles, buildings, heaps of chips).

    Impulse hammer – assessment of tree trunk health. Detection of rot (soft ,hard) in standing trees. Inventory management and identification of trees susceptible to fall. Assessment of the structure of the working day.

    XBlitz cameras – cameras that can be mounted on forest machines. Video image recording to analyze the work of forest machines/workers. Acquisition of photographic material to create 3D terrain models from the above-ground ceiling.

    Ejkelkamp penetrometer – determination of changes in soil compactness. Assessment of soil condition after machine passes. Assessment of changes in soil parameters in different seasons of the year and in meteorological/moisture conditions.

    Field moisture recorder – determination of soil moisture (at different depth levels). Ability to measure changes in humidity over time. Analysis of the hydrological impact of small retention facilities. Acquisition of data for hydrological studies.

    Profilograf, VSS – determination of the bearing capacity and quality of road surfaces and substrates. Carrying out analyzes of the quality condition of roads.

    C-Geo Program – designing of engineering facilities (roads, buildings).

    Refractometer, conductometer and ph-meter – testing the content of sugars, electrolytic conductivity and reaction of juices, saps and other plant secretions.

    Total station, leveler, laser rangefinder – making geodetic measurements. Assessment of the quality/accuracy of construction works. Accurate determination of the boundaries of geodetic plots.

    Thermohygrometer, luxmeter, audiometer, apparatus measuring the energy expenditure of an employee– determining the severity of work performed by an employee, temperature and air humidity in the workplace; the degree of lighting and noise level in the workplace.

    Wagi drogowe – określenia wagi pojazdu wraz z ładunkiem. Określenie nacisku pojedynczej osi pojazdu.

    Laboratorium właściwości fizycznych drewna – Możliwość przeprowadzenia badań fizycznych, mechanicznych, strukturalnych, oznaczeń anatomicznych i chemicznej budowy drewna. Badanie średniej szerokości słoja rocznego, udziału drewna późnego, gęstości drewna, wytrzymałość na ściskanie wzdłuż włókien, wytrzymałość na zginanie statyczne czy modułu sprężystości przy zginaniu statycznym

    Laboratoriom właściwości fizycznych gleby – Określanie gęstości nasypowej, masy objętościowej, suchej masy gleby oraz % udziału frakcji grubości gleby.

Department of Forest Management, Dendrometry and Economics of Forestry

Department of Forest Economics
  • Research offer of the Department

    • Analysis of the possibility of creating employment in forestry.
    • Valuation of non-productive forest functions.
    • Valuation of forest property.
    • Estimating the value of forests.
    • Marketing of forest products.
    • The timber market in Poland.
    • Economic, financial and organizational analysis of economic undertakings in forestry.
    • Evaluation of the effectiveness of forestry activities and the effectiveness of management in forestry.
    • Business, organizational and social relations of forestry with the environment (external stakeholders).
  • Equipment, laboratories, software in the Department and possible use

    We have at our disposal:

    • Two computer labs with MS Office and specialist software (including R, RStudio and GIS).
    • Access to the State Forests Information System.
    • Portable forestry recorders.
    • Office equipment.
Department of Forest Management
  • Research offer of the Department

    WE OFFER to carry out tasks (expert opinions, analyses, training, studies, publications, etc.) in the following areas, among others:
    – forest management plan
    – forest use regulation
    – improvement of forest inventory methods
    – Environmental impact assessment of forest management plan
    – nature conservation programme
    NATURE PROTECTION PLAN (national park, nature reserve, Natura 2000 area)
    conservation tasks of natura 2000 area
    Forest and Natura 2000 natural habitats
    – Natural habitats and forest management
    – Management planning on forest degraded areas (recultivation, post-mining land)
    – inventories and assessments of tree and stand health
    – necessary treatments

  • Equipment, laboratories, software in the Department and possible use

    The hardware and software necessary to perform the offered studies. The department has equipment and software for measuring trees and stands, identifying habitat conditions (forest site type), mapping, non-invasive assessment of tree degradation (e.g. Impulshammer).

Department of Forest Dendrometry and Productivity
  • Research offer of the Department

    • Inventory of forest resources and determination of various parameters (incl. volume and age) for trees and stands.
    • Assessment of forest biomass and volume as well as estimantion of the carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems.
    • Modeling the growth and development of the trees and stands as well as estimation of available volume in a given area.
    • Tree-ring (dendrochronological) analyses including wood, construction or wodden elements cross-dating.
    • Assessment of the growth reaction, including loss in the increment, as the response to the change of the growth conditions (especially climate change).
    • Determination of the level of the damage to the crowns.
    • Advanced statistic methods in experimental studies.
  • Equipment, laboratories, software in the Department and possible use

    • Basic and advanced (e.g. Fieldmap system with Field-Map Data Collector software) gear to measure and record the wide range of tree or stand attributes, also in spatial aspect
    • Tree-ring (dendrochronological) laboratory with adequate equipment (LinTab TM measuring system, sledge microtome) and software (TSAP Scientific, CDendro & Coorecorder) dedicated to carry on complex dendrochronological and dendroecological analysis (sampling, preparation, measurements, cross-dating, quality check).

Department of Forest Botany

  • Research offer

    We conduct research on two main areas: the growth, development and functioning of plants, especially woody, and the diversity and dynamics of plant cover.

    Our offer in the field of plant growth and development includes:

    • Surveys on the activity of vascular cambium and the differentiation of cambial derivatives.
    • Dendrochronological analyzes including the determination of the age and health condition of trees based on radial increments of wood.
    • Research on the anatomy and function of wood formed under environmental stress.
    • Analysis of plant growth and movements by time-lapse photography technique.
    • Studies on plant biomechanics.
    • Studies on plant geometry and plant architecture.
    • Microscopic identification of wood samples of woody plants.

    Our offer in the field of plant cover includes:

    • Inventories and valorizations of plant cover.
    • Identification of the dynamic tendencies of plant cover and factors shaping them.
    • Determination of vegetation succession phases, including the degree of phytocoenoses degeneration / regeneration stages.
    • Preparation of actual and potential vegetation maps.
    • Analyzes of the determinants of the spread of alien species.
    • Identifying plant-animal relationships, including determining the diets of large herbivores.
    • Projects and plans for the protection of plant cover, including valuable plant species, plant communities and natural habitats.
    • Concepts of nature protection in spatial development plans.
  • We have the following equipment:

    We have the following equipment:

    Leica EM UC6 ultramicrotome with touch screen control panel, Leica’s Trim trimer and Leica’s EM KMR2 glass knife breaker. The device enables thin and ultrathin sectioning of biological samples for microscopic studies.

    Olympus BX61 optical microscope with Olympus DP70 digital color camera and Cell P software for computer image analysis. The system enables the observation and archiving of microscopic sections with the possibility of image processing and measurements. Observations can be made in bright-field, under polarized light and using fluorescence and phase contrast techniques.

    WinDendro Complete System for image acquisition, storage and analysis in dendrochronological studies.

    Optical system for measuring deformation deformation DIC Dantec Dynamics Model Q-4OO Micro DIC. The system is used for the non-invasive measurement of the deformation of the plant’s body both under stress conditions and during the normal development cycle.

    Growth tent with Diamond ROOM equipment (2 m x 3 m) for the study of plant growth kinetics using the time-lapse method with a set of cameras and specialized computer software.

    Apparatus for testing the flow of water in wood.

    LAMIL Plus 16 laminar chambers, equipped with HEPA filters, UV lamp, gas with Fireboy burner, enabling operation in sterile conditions.

    • ASVE vertical sterilizer, SMS, vol. 0,1 m3.

    Morek Multiserw laboratory sieve shaker for determining the granulometric composition of soils.

    Basic laboratory equipment including: wortex, laboratory MPW-350R table centrifuge, shaker, Sartorius laboratory balance, UE 500 laboratory dryer, Memmert GmbH + Co.KG.

    We own and use the following software:

    WinDendro i WinCell (Regent Instruments Inc), Canoco v.5 (Microcomputer Power Co); QGIS (QGIS Development Team); Past (Hammer et al. 2001); Statistica (Statsoft Polska).

    We have laboratories adapted to the needs of:

    environmental research, plant physiology, imaging plant movements and biomechanics of plants, developmental anatomy of trees, plant morphogenesis, optical microscopy.

Independent Department of Geomatics and Spatial Management

  • Research offer

    • Possibilities of increasing water resources in a commune or forest districts (small retention).
    • Monitoring of changes in the natural environment (change of vegetation, identification of tree increments, change of the groundwater table).
    • Inventory of the natural environment.
    • Concepts of spatial development of non-urbanized areas.
    • Spatial analyzes performed at the individual request of the investor, taking into account the current state and the expected effects of the implementation of a given project.
    • Training in the field of broadly understood methods of collecting, processing and analyzing spatial data: vector data, raster data, LIDAR, 3D data, accurate ground measurements, drones, a wide range of spatial analysis methods.
    • Acquisition and analysis of spatial data.
    • Assessment of spatial relationships between objects or the state and spatial changes of natural phenomena.
    • Analysis of the impact of some factors on the condition and changes of natural objects or phenomena using selected methods of artificial intelligence.
    • Assessment of the effectiveness of dedicated systems for spatial decision support.
    • Finding and analyzing old forest maps prepared for a given area.
    • Remote data acquisition in the management of spatial information infrastructure.
  • Equipment, laboratories, software in the Department and possible use

    • GIS software – acquisition, processing and analysis of spatial information. Including: 3D analysis, network analysis, geostatistical analysis, analysis of spatial distribution of objects.
    • Measuring devices, including: total stations, levellers, laser rangefinders, measuring tapes, clumps, incremental drills.
    • A multi-parameter meter that allows to measure pH, dissolved oxygen and temperature, ORP, conductivity.
    • The hardware and software that make it possible to monitor the natural environment, perform measurements in field, and present the obtained results in the form of extensive databases.
    • Software for Neural Networks (Statistica), rough sets (RSES, ROSE) – analysis of complex relationships between factors determining a specific state of natural objects or phenomena.
    • Unmanned aerial vehicles with RGB cameras.
    • GNSS receivers of geodetic class and GIS class.
    • Multi-format scanner and plotter.
    • Olympus SZX9 stereoscopic microscope.
    • Zeiss Axiolab phase contrast microscope.
    • A simplified Tullgren apparatus for flushing out epigeic-soil fauna.
    • Soil collectors for collecting samples with intact structure.
    • Catch and determination of soil mesofauna.

Independent Department of Forest Zoology and Hunting

  • Research offer

    • biology and ecology of wildlife vertebrates (birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles), especially of forest birds, ungulates, predators, small rodents and shrews
    • management of game populations
  • Equipment, laboratories, software in the Department and possible use

    • laboratory for studying the composition of diets of birds and mammals, with the necessary equipment for this type of research
    • comparative collection of skulls and bones of birds and mammals, bones of amphibians and reptiles, and scales of reptiles, hair of mammals, and feathers of most Polish species, helpful in the analysis of the composition diet of predators; for use in research projects
    • collection of Polish vertebrates (prepared amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, skulls, bones, hair, fur, feathers, eggs, nests, excrements), incluging collection to asses age of deer males (completed skulls – antlers and mandibles of roe deer), stencils of red- and roe-deer mandibles that can be used in research on the population structure
    • field station in Rogów Forests, Central Poland that can be useful facility for research carried out at the Rogów Experimental Station of the Warsaw University of Life Sciences
    • field equipment (e. g. live-traps, photo-traps, night vision goggles, radio-telemetry sets) that can be used in various types of field research